India’s freedom struggle is one of the most heart-wrenching tales which one can read or listen to. Many freedom fighters lost their lives to see their people breathe the air of a free country. It is necessary to reconnect the new progeny with the rich history of this country. A helpful way to accomplish this is quiz questions for independence day. Our 75th Independence Day is days away, so you can prepare a set of independence day quiz questions and answers for kids.

But before preparing an independence day quiz with answers, let’s revisit the history in brief.

Brief History of India’s Independence

The rule of the British Raj began in India after the Britishers won the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The East India Company came to the fore to rule, and the British Raj dominated the state of India for 100 years. The first uprising for independence was witnessed in 1857, the cause for the uprising was the greased cartridges.

The Queen’s Proclamation abolished the East India Company in 1858. Changes were made in the governing pattern, and the Government of Indian Act 1858 was enacted after they saw the uprising of 1857. The next phase of the freedom movement began after the formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885.

A huge transformation was brought in the freedom movement by the non-violent methods of Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi initiated the non-cooperation movement, which was followed by the Civil Disobedience movement.

Later the Indian freedom struggle witnessed many crucial events, like the Home Rule Movement of 1916, Gandhi’s first satyagraha in 1917, the Rowlatt Act of 1919 and the infamous Jallianwala Massacre of 1919. Revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Rajguru, Sukhdev, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Batukeshwar Dutt, Jogesh Chatterjee and many more shook the roots of the British Government.

The Government of India Act, 1935 introduced democracy to India. The August Offer of 1940 was proposed, but Congress refused and demanded immediate self-government. The failure of the Cripps Mission in 1942 led to the Quit India Movement. In 1946, Cabinet Mission proposed the formation of the Union of India.

The British government announced in 1947 to transfer all the power to the state of India by June 1948. The Mountbatten Plan of 1947 was introduced to divide India, which was accepted by the All India Congress Committee on 15 June 1947.

The Indian Independence Bill went into the parliament on 4 July 1947, and the Indian Independence Act received the royal assent on 18 July 1947. The Indian Independence Act came into motion on the midnight of 14-15 August and India finally got independence.

Independence Day Quizzes

Independence Day Quiz Questions with Answers

#1. Why did Viceroy Mountbatten choose 15 August 1947 as the day for the transfer of power?

#. To commemorate the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the allied forces.

#2. On which day India became independent?

#. 15 August 1947

#3. India got freedom from whom?

#. From the British Raj/Rule

#4. Which day is commemorated as the Republic Day of India?

#. 26 January since 1950

#5. Who was the first prime minister of India after independence?

#. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

#6. Where was the national flag hoisted on 15 August 1947?

#. Red Fort, Delhi

#7. Who is called the Father of the Nation?

#. Mahatma Gandhi

#8. The famous line, “Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it” was said by which freedom fighter?

#. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

#9. Who was the founder of the Indian National Army?

#. Subhash Chandra Bose

#10. The Indian National Army was formed in which year?

#. 1943

#11. Who hoists the Indian National flag at Red Fort on Independence Day every year?

#. The Prime Minister of India

#12. Who is called the “Iron man of India”?

#. Sardar Vallabhai Patel

#13. When was the Indian National Congress formed?

#. 28 December 1885

#14. In which year Mahatma Gandhi was born?

#. 1869

#15. Which Indian leader was called Netaji?

#. Subhash Chandra Bose

#16. Which Indian leader is known as Chachaji?

#. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

#17. On 16 August 1947, who raised the Indian National flag at the Lahore Gate of Red Fort?

#. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

#18. Who was the second Prime Minister of India after independence?

#. Lal Bahadur Shastri

#19. What is India’s national motto?

#. Satyameva Jayate

#20. Who was the first President of India after independence?

#. Dr. Rajendra Prasad

#21. Which day is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti?

#. 2nd of October.

#22. ‘Glimpses of World History’ and ‘Discovery of India’ were written by whom?

#. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

#23. Who is called the architect of the Indian Constitution?

#. Dr B. R. Ambedkar

#24. On which day India adopted the constitution?

#. 26 January 1950

#25. Who led the Salt March from Ahmedabad to Dandi?

#. Mahatma Gandhi

#26. Who is the writer of India’s National Anthem?

#. Rabindranath Tagore

#27. Name of the last British Governor-General to rule India?

#. Lord Mountbatten

#28. Name the first Governor-General of independent India?

#. C. Rajagopalachari

#29. Which of the tribal freedom fighters began the Ulgulan movement?

#. Birsa Munda

#30. What was independent India called from 15 August 1947 to 26 January 1950?

#. Dominion of India

#31. Name of the first female cabinet minister of independent India?

#. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

#32. Who founded the Indian National Army in Singapore?

#. Initially by Rash Behari Bose, who later handed it over to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

#33. When did the Constituent Assembly adopt the preamble of the Indian Constitution?

#. 26 November 1949

#34. What was the name of the law that ended the British Rule in India?

#. Indian Independence Act 1947

#35. How many princely states were there before India got independence?

#. 565

#36. ‘The Razakars’ were the paramilitary of which princely state?

#. Hyderabad

#37. The linguistic reorganisation of Madras Province was led by which movement?

#. Vishalandhra Movement

#38. Based on the universal adult franchise, which Indian state conducted the first elections?

#. Manipur

#39. What is the official time duration of India’s National Anthem?

#. 52 Seconds

#40. For Champaran Satyagraha, Mahatma Gandhi was sent to which jail?

#. Sabarmati Central Jail

#41. When was the first time India’s National Flag was hoisted?

#. 7 August 1906

#42. India’s National Flag was hoisted at which place for the first time?

#. Parsee Bagan Square, Calcutta

#43. Who was given the popular title of ‘Frontier Gandhi’?

#. Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan

#44. In which year first general elections were held in independent India?

#. 1952

#45. Who was the ‘Lal’ of the trio ‘Lal, Bal, Pal’?

#. Lala Lajpat Rai

#46. Satyagraha for drinking water was started by whom?

#. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

#47. On 15 August 1947, what was the exchange rate of the dollar and rupee?

#. Re. 1 = $1

#48. Amongst the following, which game wasn’t invented in India – kho kho, kabadi, gymnastics?

#. Gymnastics

#49. In India, which city holds the title of “the Ancient City”, the oldest inhabited city in the world today?

#. Varanasi

#50. Who amended the constitution and declared Goa as its state after India’s independence, but was unsuccessful?

#. The Portuguese

#51. Who drew the border between India and Pakistan?

#. Sir Cyril Radcliffe

#52. Name the only licensed flag production and supply unit in India?

#. Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha

#53. Who is the writer of ‘Saare Jahan Se Acha’?

#. Muhammad Iqbal

#54. In which year did the East India Company come to India first?

#. 1608

#55. Which Prime Minister of India never hoisted the tricolour flag at the Red Fort?

#. Prime Minister Chandrashekhar and Prime Minister Gulzari Lal Nanda

#56. How many times did Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru unfurl the National Flag at the Red Fort?

#. 17 times

#57. How many spokes are there in the chakra in the National Flag?

#. 24 spokes

#58. On which date the Indian Independence Act of 1947 was passed?

#. 18 July 1947

#59. Who composed the National Song of India ‘Vande Mataram’?

#. Bankimchandra Chatterji

#60. The slogan “Give me blood and I shall give you freedom” was given by whom?

#. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

#61. In which year the first war of Independence began?

#. 1857

#62. Who was the first Governor-General of the new Dominion of India?

#. Lord Mountbatten

#63. Who gave the famous phrase “tryst with destiny”?

#. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

#64. Which plan was known as the Partition Plan?

#. Mountbatten Plan

#65. Michael O’Dwyer, responsible for the Jallianwala Massacre, was assassinated by which Indian Freedom Fighter?

#. Udham Singh

#66. Who formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) in 1923?

#. Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Sachindra Nath Sanyal and Shachindra Nath Bakshi formed HRA.

#67. Name the three Indian revolutionaries hanged on 23 March 1931?

#. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev

#68. Who is known as the Hero of the Quit India Movement?

#. Jaya Prakash Narayan

#69. Post-independence, who was the key factor in unifying the self-governed princely states?

#. Sardar Vallabhai Patel

#70. Who is the designer of the Indian National Flag?

#. Pingali Venkayya


These 70 independence day quiz questions and answers are the best way to teach kids about India’s rich history. Begin this small step this 75th Independence Day, and let your kids explore more about India. If you want your child to learn history in such fun and engaging ways, then attend the free trial session of the RealSchool online classes. RealSchool provides one of the best study materials for your child to learn and grow. For real education and holistic growth, explore the content on the Real School website.

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About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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