Most people know the right nutrients and fitness help keep a decent weight. However, the advantages of good food go beyond weight management.

Nutrients can help in the following:

#1. Reduce the risk of conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, and osteoporosis

#2. Helps manage blood pressure

#3. Boost immunity

#4. Enhance injury recovery

#5. Improve energy levels

Importance of Nutrients in Our Body

To Flourish, You Must Nourish

Sufficient nutrients are one of the main elements affecting growth and immunity for children. Equitable amounts of protein, fat, calcium, vitamins, and fibre comprise a balanced diet. Each nutrient plays a key part in children’s general growth and development.

Protein aid in cell formation, the conversion of food into energy, and the battle against infection.

importance of nutrients in our body

The Main Nutrients in Food

#. Carbohydrates are the body’s primary energy source, allowing a child’s body to utilise fat and protein for tissue growth and repair.

#. Fats are an excellent source of energy for children, and they are easily stored in their bodies. They’re also crucial for the body’s effective use of some of the other necessary nutrients.

#. Calcium is necessary for a child’s healthy bones and teeth to develop. Blood coagulation, neuron, muscle, and heart function all depend on it.

#. Iron is necessary to maintain the ideal blood haemoglobin level to improve oxygen circulation through blood.

#. Vitamin B aids in the production of red blood cells and metabolic processes, which means that B vitamins aid in producing energy and its release when your child’s body needs it.

#. Vitamin C is effective against more than simply the common cold. It aids in the formation and maintenance of red blood cells, bones, and tissues. It strengthens your child’s blood vessels and keeps their gums healthy. It also aids in healing cuts and wounds, strengthens the immune system, and prevents infections.

#. Fibre aids in a child’s intestinal regularity. It may also help lower the risk of heart disease and cancer later in life.

What Does it Mean to Have a Nutritional Imbalance?

When your child isn’t getting enough of all of the nutrients they need, the child has a nutritional imbalance.

nutrition for kids

To keep your child’s body healthy and strong, the child has to eat a healthy diet that is the perfect balance of all the nutrients. Different nutrients perform very different functions in the body, and when they are deficient, they manifest as different types of insufficiency.

Nutritional imbalance can lead to several health risks:

#. Diseases can strike at any time.

#. Medications can deplete them.

#. They may get stressed easily.

#. Their digestive system may not function properly.

#. They might get allergic to or sensitive to particular foods.

Nutritional imbalances or deficiencies are often extremely easy to detect and, in most circumstances, to correct.

Simple Methods to Enhance Your Child’s Diet

Diet is most effective to meet your child’s daily nourishment requirements. Because food is processed more efficiently by the body than supplements, this is the best way to provide what the child requires.

food for kids

However, if the diet isn’t working because the child’s body can’t accept the food they need, supplements are available to help and complement the diet and nutrients.

Maintain a Healthy, Well-Balanced Diet

#. Children need between 1600-2200 calories per day, spread out across 3 to 6 meals. Eating a healthy diet entails not exceeding the daily calorie intake too frequently, avoiding skipping meals since we tend to overcompensate later, and getting daily calorie allotment from the correct food.

#. Around half of the diet should consist of colourful fruits and vegetables — the wider the rainbow, the better the nutrition. Proteins such as meat, poultry, fish, legumes, dairy, and nuts should account for around a quarter of the diet, while carbs such as whole grains and starchy vegetables should account for the other quarter.

#. Reduce the white sugar intake and include healthy dietary fats in their meals. Proteins and food items like avocados and olive oil provide healthy fats, while fruit and dairy provide healthy sugars.

Deficiencies in Common Nutrients

Nutritional Deficit

When the body doesn’t get enough of a nutrient from a diet, it’s called a nutritional deficit. Deficiencies can cause a multitude of health issues, from severe chronic illnesses to minor ailments. However, even if the child consumes some nutrients, their body may be unable to absorb them fully.

Iron Insufficiency

Iron insufficiency is the most common dietary deficiency worldwide. It is particularly frequent among young women, children, and vegans. Meat, spinach, shellfish, broccoli, peas, bran, whole-grain, and enriched slices of bread are some of the foods that can help avoid this. Nearly a third of the world’s population suffers from iodine insufficiency, making it one of the most prevalent nutritional deficits. It causes the thyroid gland to expand.

In kids, this might result in mental disorders and developmental problems. Iodine may be found in iodine-enriched table salt, seafood, seaweed, dairy, and eggs.

Vitamin D Insufficiency

Vitamin D insufficiency is quite prevalent since getting enough from your diet alone is very challenging. Muscle weakness, bone loss, a higher risk of fractures, and soft bones are some of the symptoms. Vitamin D deficient kids are advised to take a supplement or increase their sun exposure.

Vitamin B-12 insufficiency, especially in vegetarians and vegans, Vitamin A, C inadequacy, and calcium or magnesium shortage are also frequent deficiencies.

The Challenges of Overnutrition

why human need nutrients in food

Overnutrition is described as consuming an excessive amount of nutrients and food to the point that one’s health suffers. Obesity can result from overeating, which raises the risk of major health problems like heart disease, hypertension, cancer, and type 2 diabetes.

Obesity is a growing issue that affects both children and adults. For decades, it has been a serious public health concern across the world and a significant contribution to the global burden of chronic disease and disability.

Overnutrition is a common symptom of an unhealthy lifestyle and may be alleviated by eating less junk food and exercising often. Developing a healthy lifestyle.

How to Make Sure Your Child Eats Well and Stays Fit?

why do kids need nutrients in food

As kids grow, they begin to get ideas about what tastes good and what does not. Most of the time, this does not correspond to what is nutritionally optimal for them. This is where the difficulty lies.

Given that children are extremely perceptive, it is advantageous to provide them with pleasant and healthy experiences. Involving children in food preparation and menu selection for the day’s meal may be a valuable educational tool. It might be beneficial to educate them about selecting foods based on their nutritional content.

Parents should also maintain proper serving sizes for every meal to encourage healthy eating habits.

Additional Information

Just as parents want the best for their children, Real School Of Montessori also prioritises children’s overall well being. The Real School Of Montessori has programs that can help you determine how to provide proper nutrition to your child. Their expert advice will help you in putting up the best health and fitness plan for your child. For more informative content like this you can visit their website or book a masterclass to experience their innovative teaching methods.

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About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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