Categories: Learning

Fraction Definition: What is a Fraction For Kids?

Fractions are one of the major topics in mathematics. It shows a portion of a whole. When we break something into smaller pieces. It tells you how many broken pieces you have.

It comprises two parts numerator and the denominator. The numerator represents how many pieces you have and the denominator represents how many parts the whole piece was divided into.

Likewise, the whole number it can also be added, subtracted, multiplied and divided. It can be represented in several ways. The size of a fraction can also be distinguished to check out the largest and the smallest fraction.

Read the article till the end to understand the concept of fraction for kids.

Also read: Math Game For Kids: Develop Maths Skills with a Mix of Fun and Entertainment

Introduction to a Fraction

Fraction is a way where a certain number can be distributed into two parts. It represents a section of a whole. It is written as the number of equal pieces over one whole piece. It composes of two numbers, the numerator and the denominator separated by a line.


The Numerator is the number of pieces being counted. It is the upper part of a fraction. For example in 1/3, 1 is the numerator.

Dividing Line

A dividing line is used to separate the numerator and the denominator. It makes it clear to identify what is the numerator and the denominator without causing any confusion.


The Denominator is the number of pieces in the whole. It is the lower part of a fraction. For example, in 1/6, 6 is the denominator.


A whole number halved into two equivalent parts. It is called half of the whole number.


A whole number split up into three equal parts. It is called one-third of the whole number.

One-fourth or Quater

A whole number distributed into four equivalent parts. It is called one-fourth or quarter of the whole number.


A whole number divided into five equal parts. It is called one-fifth of the whole number.


A whole number split up into ten equivalent parts. It is called one-tenth of the whole number.

For instance, a paper tear up into two equal parts the fraction is 1/2, if it’s divided into three equal parts then it is 1/3. Usually, a useful way to learn about fractions for kids is through a picture. Kids grab knowledge faster and easily through pictorial representation.

Example 1: Have a look at the picture above and analyse that if the fruit is divided into equal slices. When it is cut down into two equal slices the fraction is 1/2, similarly, if it is cut down three equal slices it will be 1/3 and if it’s cut down into four slices it will be 1/4.

Example 2: A cake is divided into eight equal pieces. If you remove one piece from the eight pieces, the fraction will be 1/8. Similarly, if you remove two pieces then it will be 2/8 and so on.

Also read: Is Vedic Math Really Helpful for Kids? Here’s How Vedic Maths will Benefit Your Kids?

Types of Fraction

There are various types of fractions and various ways in which the same fraction can be written. There are mainly three types, proper fraction, improper fraction or top-heavy fraction, and mixed fraction. Usually, the most preferable is the proper fraction.

Proper Fraction

In a fraction, if the numerator is less than the denominator then it is called a proper fraction. For example, in  2/3, 2 is less than 3 therefore, it’s a proper fraction.

Examples: 2/5, 1/4, 5/10.

Improper Fraction

In a fraction, if the numerator is greater than the denominator then it is called an improper fraction. For example, in 4/2, 4 is greater than 2 therefore, it’s an improper fraction. It is also known as a top-heavy fraction since the numerator is greater at the top than the denominator at the bottom.

Examples: 4/3, 6/2, 7/4.

Mixed Fraction

A fraction composing a whole number and the fraction is called a mixed fraction. For example, 2 ½ which is addressed as two and a half. Similar for 1¼ is addressed as one and a quarter. It is the mixture of a whole number and a fraction.

Examples: 1⅓, 2¼, 3½.

Worksheet for Kids on Fractions

Kids obtain knowledge effectively by practising. Worksheets are a helpful source for kids in learning and understanding the topic easily. Kids knowledge can be tested by making them solve sample worksheets after they are totally prepared. Worksheets motivate kids to improve the ability. Kids can check where they are going wrong and improve accordingly.

Here are some worksheets for kids to understand the topic thoroughly and practise the same.

Worksheet 1

If a piece is divided into three parts what will be the fraction?

  1. 1/3
  2. 1/2
  3. 1/5

Improper fraction is also known as?

  1. Mixed fraction
  2. Proper fraction
  3. Top-heavy fraction

How can we write three and a half?

  1. 3/2
  2. 3⅓

How many types of fractions are there?

  1. Four
  2. Two
  3. Three

A pizza sliced into eight equal pieces. How to represent each piece?

  1. 1/8
  2. 8/8
  3. 2/8

Which of the following is not a proper fraction?

  1. 1/4
  2. 7/3
  3. 5/8

What is a mixture of a whole number and a fraction?

  1. Proper fraction
  2. Improper fraction
  3. Mixed fraction

1/8 of 30 is known as

  1. One-eighth of 30
  2. Half of 30
  3. Quarter of 30


Worksheet 2

One-third of a number is written as?

  1. 1/3
  2. 3⅓
  3. 3/1

What is called a quarter?

  1. 4/1
  2. 1/3
  3. 1/4

Which one is a mixed fraction?

  1. 8⅓
  2. 6/3
  3. 1/4

A example of an improper fraction?

  1. 1/3
  2. 6/2

If the numerator is less than the denominator it is called?

  1. Proper fraction
  2. Improper fraction
  3. Mixed fraction


Upper part of the fraction is?

  1. Numerator
  2. Dividing line
  3. Denominator

What is the numerator in  2/8.

  1. 8
  2. 1
  3. 2

What is the denominator in 1/3.

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 1


Worksheet 1

  1. a
  2. c
  3. b
  4. c
  5. a
  6. b
  7. c
  8. a

Worksheet 2

  1. a
  2. c
  3. a
  4. b
  5. a
  6. a
  7. c
  8. c

Also Read: Maths Quiz for Kids: Simple & Engaging Math Quiz Questions with Answers


I believe that the above content will help you teach your kids everything about fractions they need to know. Make your kids practise the worksheets above once they are confident about the chapter in detail. As kids grab easily through pictures, they must be taught in the good virtual surrounding.

Worried about your kids future? Struggling for a proper guide? We can understand your problem. We have the best solution for your kids. Follow The Real School Of Montessori for your kids brighter future. We supply all necessary guidance in proper to enhance your kid’s preparation.


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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