Since kids are the future of our country, they need to know the basic concepts on which our society or community runs. Socialism is one such significant social concept. But socialism for children can be a slightly complex study. Experts often use many terms and jargon to explain socialism.

Therefore, here we have broken socialism’s meaning for kids in simpler words. Read the article to know its basics so that you can teach your little one easily.

What Does Socialism Mean for Kids?

Socialism is a system in economics and politics. It describes the structure of organisations in society. It believes that the means for generating, moving, and trading wealth should belong to the workers. Rather than a group of private owners, the money made by the goods should be equally distributed among all. The people who support socialism are known as socialists. According to socialists, everything happens in society because of the cooperative efforts of citizens and people.

A Brief History of Socialism

In the beginning, socialism was a reaction against capitalism. Under capitalism, each individual owns the property, and companies compete with one another for wealth. As the Industrial Revolution progressed, capitalism gained strength.

Many machines were invented, and factories were built during the 1700s and 1800s. Those who owned the factories became wealthy. Although the workers earned little despite their hard work, they were mistreated and exploited by the capitalists.

Some people wanted the government to control industry to create a fairer society. The government can make life more comfortable for everyone by using its economic power. The new thought wave called socialism believed that the factories and other property would slowly go to workers from a few wealthy people.

Although, some socialists wanted changes to come faster than gradually. As a result, they wished for workers to overthrow capitalism. Karl Marx, a German scholar, believed that workers would create a communist system in the end.

Communist societies have neither private property nor government. The production and sharing of goods and wealth would be according to people’s abilities and needs.

Types of Socialism for Children

Around the world, there are numerous forms of socialism, and they all differ when it comes to incorporating capitalism into a socialistic structure. Further, socialism has different forms, which emphasise the value of social democracy. The following are some types of socialist systems:

#1. Revolutionary Socialism

The philosophy of revolutionary socialism holds that a socialist order cannot emerge while capitalism still dominates. Revolutionaries believe a lot of struggle is required to achieve a purely socialist system. In such a system, workers own and manage the factors of production through a centralised and well-developed structure.

#2. Green Socialism

Natural resources are protected by green socialism. Almost all of the large corporations in a green socialistic order are publicly owned and run. Furthermore, green socialism encourages the creation of public transportation and the use of locally produced foods. Furthermore, the public is guaranteed a sustainable wage.

#3. Libertarian Socialism

Libertarian socialism believes that people are rational, autonomous, and self-determining. It also believes that people naturally turn to socialism in the absence of capitalism because it can meet their needs.

#4. Market Socialism

Under market socialism, workers control the production process. The workers decide how the resources are distributed . As a result, excess resources are sold off to the broader society based on a free market system.

#5. Democratic Socialism

Elected administrations manage the elements of production under democratic socialism. A centralised planning system distributes goods and services like energy, housing, and transportation, whereas a free market system distributes consumer products.

Importance of Socialism

#1. Socialism Promotes Economic Equality

When capitalist societies implement a hybrid approach for services, there are fewer hidden taxes. As a result, you are more aware of how much each service or item will cost.

#2. Reduce Poverty

Redistribution of income is one of the biggest complaints capitalists have about socialism. A society can experience an increase in utility and happiness when the very rich are taxed to assist the very poor.

#3. The Free Market’s Excesses are Regulated

Instead of making profits for shareholders, the agency can run in the public’s best interests. Businesses involved in the distribution of goods and services can work for the benefit of everyone instead of focusing on potential profits.

#4. Prices are Lowered

Businesses and governments benefit from this advantage since they can lower the prices for consumers. Furthermore, it encourages them to look for long-term investment opportunities, while ensuring the individual has the safe and productive life they deserve.

#5. Increased Labour Productivity

Labour productivity can be improved in both positive and negative ways by socialism. The number of days lost to illness or injury is decreased when people are healthier. Additionally, private healthcare costs reduce the stress placed on families by private healthcare costs.

Disadvantages of Socialism

#1. Socialism can work in the total absence of corruption: Socialism is an idealistic concept. It assumes that humans are generally good and will do whatever it takes to help others succeed. Although, it is not practical.

#2. Government spending increases due to socialism: For an economy to thrive in today’s world, foreign trade and domestic spending must be balanced. Since funding comes from the leadership, innovation can be affected by this governance structure and manufacture can cost more.

#3. Socialism may reduce innovation: Those who support socialism often point to the advantage that people receive employment opportunities according to their strengths and passions. However, there are many hidden compromises. A “best possible job” is typically chosen based on what society needs rather than based on your actual talents, skills, and gifts. So the scope for innovation is regulated by consumer’s demand.

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Try out the free trial classes of Real School to see what kind of quality we will provide, and say hello to happy learning for your kids!

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About the Author

Shilpa

Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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